Jul 06, 2022
In Welcome to the Forum
The reason is simply that there C Level Contact List are no apprentices anymore because they no longer want to be accepted into the guild or gain its recognition." The dilemma of the intelligentsia Instead of a complete analysis of how Russia's historical experiences relate to those of "Europe", I would rather like to present two theoretical C Level Contact List approaches that can help orient oneself in this highly controversial terrain. First, there is the theory of the cultural divide between West and East put forward by the late Martin Malia. Malia C Level Contact List questions the existence of a clear line dividing "West" from "East." He assumes instead that C Level Contact List there is a smoother gradation that can be experienced by those traversing the essentially unified Eurasian continent to the east. The second theory, developed by Maria Todorova , establishes a "relative synchronicity within the framework of a development of longue Placing diverse European C Level Contact List nationalisms in a unified structure of modernity, Todorova avoids the discourse of "backwardness" and defines the "East"—Eastern Europe, the Balkans, and Russia—as part of a common C Level Contact List European space.1. Both theories emphasize C Level Contact List Russia's fundamentally European character, and neither discusses the country's peripheral position. Russia's relative to Europe seems inevitable simply because she has never generated her own vision of modernity, but instead adopted a European vision. From this arose a persistent dilemma that C Level Contact List Russian intellectuals – the so-called intelligentsia – have suffered for the last 200 years. According to the American historian Alan Pollard , “the elements that constituted their consciousness were mostly Western products. So precisely those qualities of the gave them the ability to C Level Contact List understand – that is, what constitutes their essence – distanced this group from the reality of life in the country, which precisely they had to .